The combined turbine is in many times more effective than the already existing.
This turbine fundamentally differs from approved.
In similar prototypes the same concept is realized: This is the creation of artificial whirlwind with ascending streams. I.e. everyone try to create the artificial analogue of a natural whirlwind.
And in this variant is not created a artificial ascending whirlwind, but two whirlwinds collide inside the turbine. Also rotate the turbine internal pressure.
But other schemes of air-circulation are possible too. For example with use of a principle of Schauberger.
In such variant the turboexpander will create depression and will rotate with streams the lateral blades, and the propeller will rotate under the influence of atmospheric pressure. Thus atmospheric pressure will make additional work as to create air depression is easy. Other combinations of modes are possible also.
The prototype of the submitted turbine is the vertical propeller for windgenerator.
Lack of such propellers is their small efficiency. As 1/3 blades rotate against a wind and 1/3 more stays idle.
And in the submitted turbine work is made with all blades. (Fig. 1)
This effect is reached by that between vertical blades (2) of the turbine horizontal propellers (3а) and (3b) are (free or rigidly) located, which force air in space between blades. Such horizontal propellers can be a more.
Between these propellers in the center of the turbine is placed a turbodetander (3) which will acquire capacity of forced air.
The raised pressure inside the turbine presses on all blades and detander equally and forces them to rotate. As these blades are located to internal pressure under a sharp corner. Thus work is made with all blades. Hence capacity of this turbine in 3 times more than usual.
Different variants of an integrated turbine are possible - with different vortex effects.
1. The "half" version of presented in the figure. This variant can be used instead of horizontal wind propellers and as hydroturbines. In this embodiment, the flow of air or water initially acts on the propeller, then on the detander and then on the turbine blades. Thus does it 3 times more work.
At use in the hydroelectric power stations this turbine will reduce the charge of water in some times.
Such variant of turbine can be used as amplifiers of capacity on automobile wheels as caps or as disks.
2. The turbine has the shape of a cone. In this scenario, a lot of the combined propellers with a small radius will be pumping air into the chamber with the vertical blades of large radius. This difference of radien allows the use of centrifugal acceleration.
This variant of the turbine is the most effective cooler, as air is very strongly cooled at expansion on turbodetander.
If this turbine to put on seacoast in desert it will condense water. Thus to turn out two products - an electricity and distilled water.
At rotation in the opposite direction air will be heated up in a narrow part of a cone. In such variant vertical blades of the combined propellers will have the device for regulation of their inclination.
3.The "configuration" of streams of Shrauberger basically can be applied on this turbine too. In that case the turboexpander will "pump out" air from within turbines and to press it on lateral blades. As a result of depression inside, "soaked up" air will rotate propellers. Such active propellers wasn't at turbine of Shrauberger. I.e. in the presented variant work is made by soaked up air too!
The forms and the number of blades and propellers can vary in a wide range to achieve maximum power. Even such variant is possible - without lateral blades.
By this principle it is possible to create the combined propeller. Three variants are possible.
In the first variant both propellers (without turbodetander) will blow air in one direction. And longitudinal blades will force air between them.
In the second variant there will be one propeller with one layer of perpendicular blades.
In the third variant participates also the detander. In that case the forward propeller forces air to the detander in the first compartment of the turbine as usually. But the second propeller - on the contrary - pushes out air from the second part of the turbine. And blades of the second part force air into.
By the way this turbine can be transformed into "UFO". In such variant the top and bottom parts will rotate in the opposite parties and besides in various modes: the Top propeller will push air inside and deduce from lateral blades. And in the bottom part on the contrary - lateral blades will grasp air and the bottom propeller will push out from below.